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That idea falls so short of the glory that God wants us to see in Christ and His Church. (Witham). 00. Revelation 21 1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. (Rev 21:21) – 21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the several gates was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass. We can’t miss the message that the symbolism of this book actually presents. And how can we hope to be inebriated at this source of God above, if we do not aspire after it whilst we are in this dreary desert here below? 4:14 But whoever drinks some of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again, but the water that I will give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up to eternal life.”. The angel that introduced the “seven bowls” of judgment against unbelievers, now gets to introduce the flip side of that, and that’s the eternal blessing of the people of Christ, those who do believe. As Paul said, “we are the temple of the living God”: ESV – (2 Cor 6:16) – 16 What agreement has the temple of God with idols? No temple in it. Revelation 5 (Rev 5:1) – 1 And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the back, close sealed with seven seals. Paul spoke of the present condition and how it awaits the new in Romans 8:19-23: NET – (Ro 8:19-23) – 8:19 For the creation eagerly waits for the revelation of the sons of God. While this could very well be the case (considering the symbolic nature of this book), I believe that since the context is about the destruction of the literal old heaven and earth, and the creation of the new, I believe that a literal sea or ocean is in view. This is one of a great many of the inconsistencies of the premillennial position. Revelation 7, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary was originally compiled by priest … God destroys Babylon: Revelation 17:1-19:5: The *beast and the evil woman. This new creation will be completely without the contamination of sin. The Shekinah glory dwells among His people forever and ever. Revelation 17:1-18. The land promises to Israel were to be an “everlasting possession” (Ge 13:15; Ge 17:7-8; Ge 48:4; Ex 32:13). We, as the Church, are the holy temple of God. Revelation 22:16-21;God's Message Today: As we read the book of Revelation, we must carefully consider what Jesus Christ is still saying to churches today--and especially to those who are primary shepherds of God's people. Their place is in the lake of fire (Rev 20:14-15). What role angels actually have among us in the “New Jerusalem” of this “new earth,” Scripture doesn’t say. INTRODUCTION TO REVELATION; 01. - The fifth, sardonyx.A variety of agate - a kind of onyx, valued for its use in engraving into cameos.The name onyx appears to be owing to the resemblance in colour to the fingernails. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Interpreting the NT according to an OT understanding, results in mass confusion. The physical OT temple gives way to the spiritual temple of Christ – of whom He is Head – and it continues in the Eternal Kingdom. It is done. Darkness is of the kingdom of Satan. More Isaiah with the promise of water to the thirsty. We do know, however, that it’s a place of total joy, absent of pain and suffering, absent of all sin, where we will dwell in the glorious presence of God forever and ever. So primarily, New Jerusalem is the Church, composed of all believers throughout history. The New Heaven and the New Earth. Enviable moment, when all the designs of God upon Jesus Christ and upon his Church will be accomplished: but how little thought of now! He measured the city with the measuring rod at fourteen hundred miles (its length and width and height are equal). Thus this world and all creation has to be purified, and this will be done by way of fire—which I believe will be a literal fire that destroys the old creation and gives way to the new. That’s why I believe the focus is on the quality and character of it. 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers together until now. However, that’s a kingdom that only lasts for a 1000 years. The OT temple gave way to the NT temple. NET – (He 11:14-16) – 11:14 For those who speak in such a way make it clear that they are seeking a homeland. (Read about the Shekinah glory here and here). Also, this square gives us the picture of total protection—every side closing us in from every form of sin and evil, which overall, pictures our eternal security in Christ. The Church is clearly identified as the New Jerusalem (Jerusalem represents all Israel) and the holy temple of God. I think the idea that our eternal dwelling place is one giant square box, is really really far-fetched. The sign above the door says, “entrance only.” Those who are “unclean, etc.,” are those who die in their sins, without Christ. He is preeminent over all things. (Witham). Video; OLIVER GREENE Commentary on Revelation. That’s nonsense. I believe these refer to “guardian angels” (He 1:14), which are involved in the lives of God’s people in the world now. That doesn’t necessarily mean that each Christian has an angel assigned to them, but it seems clear that God uses His angels in some manner within His Church. This short first part of the Book of Revelation is extraordinarily rich in warnings about how we minimize our Faith, and the dire consequences of doing so. As discussed in verse 2, the “holy city Jerusalem” is seen as “coming down out of heaven from God” as the “bride, the wife of the Lamb.” The wife of the Lamb is, of course, the Church of Christ, of whom He is Head (Eph 5:23; Col 1:18). “heaven” This is to be understood as the heavens (universe), and not as the Heaven where God dwells (Is 65:17). Revelation 19:1-5 . When we interpret this book with a strict literalism, we end up with a very distorted view or message. That temple is gone forever. ), NET – (John 4:13-14) – 4:13 Jesus replied, “Everyone who drinks some of this water will be thirsty again. (Rev 21:7) – 7 He that overcometh shall inherit these things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son. Mensura hominis, quæ est Angeli; Greek: metron anthropou, o estin aggelou. according to the standard unit of measure which he was using. To him that overcometh, to him will I give of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and upon the stone a new name written, which no one knoweth but he that receiveth it. The New Testament doesn’t teach such an idea. Commentary on Revelation 21:1-6. All people are accountable to Him. Father of the world to come, render us worthy of this new and everlasting world, and give us a disgust, a mortal hatred, for that which perishes, and which is the cause of our perdition. Those who do, and believe that the, In regard to the comparison between the measurement of a. Never again will we have anything to fear. Fire purifies. Land promises: The land promises to Israel are finally fulfilled in this Eternal Kingdom of the “New Earth” of this chapter. Read "Revelation (Catholic Commentary on Sacred Scripture)" by Peter S. Williamson available from Rakuten Kobo. Spiritual thirst is produced through the work of the Holy Spirit. Our salvation places us into a right relationship with God and into His eternal presence. And again, it also depicts God’s dwelling among us (Rev 21:3), as the next verse confirms: (Rev 21:11) – 11 having the glory of God: her light was like unto a stone most precious, as it were a jasper stone, clear as crystal: The Shekinah glory of the Old Testament (the visible manifestation of God’s presence), which is manifested in the Person of Christ (Col 2:9) and in His Church (Eph 5:23; Col 1:18; 2 Cor 6:16), is ultimately manifested in this eternal city, which is a reflection of “the bride, the wife of the Lamb,” which is His Church. (Rev 21:1) – 1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth are passed away; and the sea is no more. He dwells in us and among us, therefore He and we are the holy and eternal temple. Psalm 144:4 Man is like to vanity: his days pass away like a shadow. (Rev 21:2) – 2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready as a bride adorned for her husband. Even with the description given in this chapter and the next, we really don’t know what the actual eternal city is going to look like, or what our life will be like there. Revelation 21 Commentary Summary: Read Revelation 21 KJV along with a helpful commentary. We’re given but a glimpse of its reality, and that is all. This should be understood as an “if” promise—if we “overcome,” we shall inherit the glories and blessings of this eternal city, and the Triune God shall be our God and King, and we shall belong to Him as His “sons” (“children” – NRSV, NIV, NLT). It’s a “heavenly” city, for it begins in the Heaven that now is, and continues in this eternal kingdom of the “new earth.”, Therefore, just so we’re clear, the description of this “holy city” is a description of the people of Christ—the Church, but it’s used to reveal the nature of the literal city of our eternal dwelling. In the book of Revelation, the number seven is used often, which symbolizes perfection and completeness. He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death. God’s ultimate plan for Israel was never of an earthly, physical nature, but of a spiritual nature, which is realized in Christ and His Church. If professing believers are blending in with a world that is anti-Christ, then they need to reevaluate who and what they really believe in, and who and what they’re actually devoted to. Others refer to it as our eternal state. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. The idea of God reverting back to a physical temple where animal sacrifices are performed is completely inconceivable, and absent of the glory of God. NET – 21:16 Now the city is laid out as a square, its length and width the same. All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version unless otherwise noted. 17 The angel also measured the wall, and it was sixty metres high, # 21.17 high; or thick. This verifies the interpretation that this “square” city-description symbolizes that which is perfect and complete in every way. I don’t believe that this number 144,000 is a merely a coincidence that it’s the same number that’s given in Rev 7:3-9 and Rev 14:1. Faithfulness is the by-product of faith. Their place is in the lake of fire. Therefore, where John says that “the Lord God the Almighty, and the Lamb, are the temple thereof,” this speaks of the oneness that we as the people of God (the Church) have with the Father and Son and Holy Spirit (1 Cor 3:16; 6:19). 8:20 For the creation was subjected to futility – not willingly but because of God who subjected it – in hope 8:21 that the creation itself will also be set free from the bondage of decay into the glorious freedom of God’s children. 11:16 But as it is, they aspire to a better land, that is, a heavenly one. To gain a proper understanding of God’s Word, we must begin with a proper understanding of the NT, and then interpret the OT according to that understanding. The New Jerusalem cannot be separated from Christ’s Church. Christianity has its roots in Israel and in the religion of Israel. This is what we ought always to remember and have in our minds. Spirit. Rev 21:2; the sea). If the world of the old Adam has appeared so beautiful, so magnificent, good God, what will be the riches of that which is made for Jesus Christ, the second Adam, and for his members! That “New Jerusalem” is both a people (“bride” of Christ – the Church) and a city is plain to see in the following passages: NET – (Rev 21:9-10) – 21:9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven final plagues came and spoke to me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb!” 21:10 So he took me away in the Spirit to a huge, majestic mountain and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God. Those who do, and believe that the Eternal City is actually a huge square, are missing the whole message and glory of what’s being conveyed here. The combined number of believers in Christ are the, So then, the fact that we are the temple of God, The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, because the, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window). We can’t miss what’s actually being revealed here. In the context of this passage, I believe this is symbolic of God’s eternal care and watchfulness over His people. When we’re ushered into the Heaven of the new earth, we will be in total awe. THE PATMOS VISION; 02. In other words, by overcoming, we reveal true faith in Christ. There is no separate plan for the nation of Israel apart from the Church. Everywhere we walk, it’s absolutely pure, without sin or pain or hardship of any kind. These gates have “names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel,” which make up the nation of Israel. Laodicea – (Rev 3:21) – 3:21 He that overcometh, I will give to him to sit down with me in my throne, as I also overcame, and sat down with my Father in his throne. That holds true here. And he saith, Write: for these words are faithful and true. The former heaven and the former earth had passed away, and the sea was no more.*. The Catholic party appears to have felt itself the superior. 2 I also saw the holy city, a new Jerusalem,* coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as … 1 a Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth. This is what happens when we interpret the book of Revelation according to a strict, literal method. Revelation 21 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . The main street of the city is pure gold, like transparent glass. 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