Capri Cinema, Result of Clark’s Population Density Model, 1951, 1961, 1972, 1981 and 1998 Census Year Central Density Do (Persons per sq.km) Central Density Ln Do Density Gradient (b) (r) 1998 1981 1972 1961 1951 29,747 102,867 114,955 160,075 300,228 10.3005 The position of Commissioner of Karachi was created, with Iftikhar Ali Shallwani serving this role. Karachi's increasing importance as a cosmopolitan transportation hub lead to the influence of non-Sindhis in Sindh's administration.  As a result of the operation, Karachi went from being ranked the world's 6th most dangerous city for crime in 2014, to 105th by early 2021. , Lower than expected population figures from the census suggest that Karachi's poor infrastructure, law and order situation, and weakened economy relative to other parts of Pakistan made the city less attractive to in-migration than previously thought. KCR was fully operational between 1969 and 1999. Situated on a coastal plain northwest of Karachi's historic core lies the sprawling district of Orangi. The city also is home to large numbers of Hindus, and a small community of Zoroastrians. New roads, parks, residential, and recreational areas were developed as part of this project. The city has examples of modern Islamic architecture, including the Aga Khan University hospital, Masjid e Tooba, Faran Mosque, Bait-ul Mukarram Mosque, Quaid's Mausoleum, and the Textile Institute of Pakistan. These seaports have modern facilities which include bulk handling, containers and oil terminals.. , Karachi was selected as the first capital of Pakistan, and was administered as a federal district separate from Sindh beginning in 1948, until the capital was shifted to Rawalpindi in 1958. The Nadirshaw Edulji Dinshaw University of Engineering and Technology (NED), was founded in 1921, and is Pakistan's oldest institution of higher learning. Population density (/sq mi) 38,213/sq mi. , According to the Federal Board of Revenue's 2006–2007 year book, tax and customs units in Karachi were responsible for 46.75% of direct taxes, 33.65% of federal excise tax, and 23.38% of domestic sales tax. The Sindh Madressatul Islam founded in 1885, was granted university status in 2012.  The current terminal structure was built in 1992, and is divided into international and domestic sections. , Migrants from Punjab began settling in Karachi in large numbers in the 1960s, and now make up an estimated 14% of Karachi's population.  This road would eventually be further developed by the British into Bandar Road, which was renamed Muhammad Ali Jinnah Road. Karachi’s population has grown exponentially in the past fifty years, increasing by almost 15 million people. It is expected to supply 650 million gallons daily of potable water to the city, the first phase 260 million gallons upon completion. 19th century Karachi historian Seth Naomal Hotchand recorded that a small settlement of 20–25 huts existed along the Karachi Harbour that was known as Dibro, which was situated along a pool of water known as Kolachi-jo-Kun. area, population, density and urban/rural proportion. A Study of Population Density Distribution Pattern of Karachi City Using Spatial-Interaction Gravity Models (Sigms) Karachi is located on the coastline of Sindh province in southern Pakistan, along the Karachi Harbour, a natural harbour on the Arabian Sea.  The city is also home to a small number of British and American expatriates. Aug 28, 2017 10:10pm . "Reviving Pakistan's Pluralist Traditions to Fight Extremism". The World Bank considers Karachi the most business-friendly in Pakistan.  Karachi is home to several of Pakistan's most important museums.  The bulk of Karachi's Christian community, which makes up 2.5% of the city's population, is Punjabi. It is the largest city in Pakistan and the twelfth largest city in the world. Karachi is a tourist destination for domestic and international tourists. Karachi's city limits also include several islands, including Baba and Bhit Islands, Oyster Rocks, and Manora, a former island which is now connected to the mainland by a thin 12-kilometre long shoal known as Sandspit. Karachi is the largest and most populous city in Pakistan.The population of Karachi is estimated to be around 16.1 million (16,093,786) in 2020. The procedure involved the careful removal of each piece of timber and stone, stacked temporarily, loaded on the trucks for transportation to the Clifton site, unloaded and re-arranged according to a given layout, stone by stone, piece by piece, and completed within three months. Karachi is also home to the Pakistan Stock Exchange, which was rated as Asia's best performing stock market in 2015 on the heels of Pakistan's upgrade to emerging-market status by MSCI.. 3 530 km 2. Vying To Take The Global Stage.  However, revival of tramway service is proposed by Karachi Administrator Iftikhar Ali.  They established the posh Cincinnatus Town in Garden East as a Goan enclave.  As a result of the Karachi's improved security environment, real-estate prices in Karachi rose sharply in 2015, with a rise in business for upmarket restaurants and cafés.  During the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the 21st Native Infantry, then stationed in Karachi, mutinied and declared allegiance to rebel forces in September 1857, though the British were able to quickly defeat the rebels and reassert control over the city. which allowed refugees to settle on any vacant land. The first ever international cricket match in Karachi was held on 22 November 1935 between Sindh and Australian cricket teams.  An estimated 63% of the Karachi's workforce is employed in trade and manufacturing.  Nearchus, who commanded Alexander's naval fleet, also mentioned a hilly island by the name of Morontobara and an adjacent flat island named Bibakta, which colonial historians identified as Karachi's Manora Point and Kiamari (or Clifton), respectively, based on Greek descriptions. Karachi rapidly became a transportation hub for British India owing to newly built port and rail infrastructure, as well as the increase in agricultural exports from the opening of productive tracts of newly irrigated land in Punjab and interior Sindh. Lahore and other cities. It is almost double than the 9,856,318 according to the 1998 census. , Karachi's Jinnah International Airport is the busiest airport of Pakistan with a total of 7.2 million passengers in 2018. Karachiite. Largest Cities in Pakistan # , Karachi is now Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. S. AKHTAR, M.R.DHANANI 483 .  In 1901, Karachi's population was 117,000 with a further 109,000 included in the Municipal area.. New rich and upper-middleclass housing is located adjacent to the Civil Lines. The population of Karachi is no less than 30 million. Khawaja Amer October 06, 2013. Railway Station. In 2010, Mercer also found that Karachi was one of the most inexpensive cities in the world to live in.  Karachi's population had grown at a rate of 3.49% between the 1981 and 1998 census, leading many analysts to estimate Karachi's 2017 population to be approximately 18 million by extrapolating a continued annual growth rate of 3.49%. It covered many areas including; Karachi west district with 3,914,757 population; Baldia Sub division with 832,768 population; I.T.E sub division with 404,757 population  According to TripAdvisor the city is also home to Pakistan's favorite shopping mall, Dolmen Mall, Clifton which was also featured on CNN and the country's favorite entertainment complex, Port Grand. The city is a melting pot of ethno-linguistic groups from throughout Pakistan, as well as migrants from other parts of Asia. The city's inhabitants are referred to by the demonym Karachiite.  Karachi's population at the time was an estimated 8,000 to 14,000, and was confined to the walled city in Mithadar, with suburbs in what is now the Serai Quarter. The city continued to attract migrants from throughout Pakistan, who were overwhelmingly Muslim, and city's population nearly doubled again in the 1950s. While Italianate buildings remained popular, an eclectic blend termed Indo-Saracenic or Anglo-Mughal began to emerge in some locations.  Urdu replaced Sindhi as Karachi's most widely spoken language; Sindhi was the mother tongue of 51% of Karachi in 1941, but only 8.5% in 1951, while Urdu grew to become the mother tongue of 51% of Karachi's population. Source: Wikipedia, 2021.  The first opened in 2007 and connects Shah Faisal Town in eastern Karachi to the industrial-estates in SITE Town 10.5 km (6 1⁄2 mi) away.  The period also saw labour unrest in Karachi's industrial estates beginning in 1970 that were violently repressed by the government of President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from 1972 onwards. literacy ratio by sex .  In 2019 the city is expected to add another mega mall/entertainment complex at Bahria Icon Tower Clifton, Pakistan's tallest skyscraper.. It then continues north for a few kilometres before turning west, where it intersects the N25. , Karachi is served by a road network estimated to be approximately 9,500 kilometres (5,900 miles) in length, serving approximately 3.1 million vehicles per day. Public building works were undertaken at this time in Gothic and Indo-Saracenic styles, including the construction of Frere Hall in 1865 and the later Empress Market in 1889. In 2019, Karachi GDP was estimated to be $164 billion and its projected growth rate has remained positive. KDA came into existence in 1957 with the task of managing land around Karachi, while the LDA and MDA were formed in 1993 and 1994, respectively. In Karachi Division, population density is not a homogenous entity either.  As a result of OPP, 96% of Orangi residents have access to a latrine. , Sindh's capital was shifted from Hyderabad to Karachi in 1840 until 1843, when Karachi was annexed to the British Empire after Major General Charles James Napier captured the rest of Sindh following his victory against the Talpurs at the Battle of Miani. To the west of Karachi lies the Indus River flood plain.. Establishment of the Sindh Madressatul Islam was followed by the establishment of the D. J. Sindh Government Science College in 1887, and the institution was granted university status in 2014.  The city's population had tripled between 1941 and 1951. , The largest shipping ports in Pakistan are the Port of Karachi and the nearby Port Qasim, the former being the oldest port of Pakistan.  Karachi is Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city, linguistically, ethnically, and religiously diverse, as well as one of Pakistan's most secular and socially liberal cities. demographic indicators - 1998 census. District in Pakistan. , During the period of rapid economic growth in the 1960s, large numbers Pashtuns from the NWFP migrated to Karachi with Afghan Pashtun refugees settling in Karachi during the 80's.  Parts of the city's drainage system overflow on average 2–7 times per month, flooding some city streets.  The community forms the bulk of the city's police force, and also form a large portion of Karachi's entrepreneurial classes and direct a larger portion of Karachi's service-sector economy.  and accounts for approximately 20% of the total GDP of Pakistan. Karachi is Pakistan's financial and commercial capital.  Several independent television and radio stations are based in Karachi, including Business Plus, AAJ News, Geo TV, KTN, Sindh TV, CNBC Pakistan, TV ONE, Express TV, ARY Digital, Indus Television Network, Samaa TV, Abb Takk News, Bol TV, and Dawn News, as well as several local stations.  The population of Parsis in Karachi and throughout South Asia is in continuous decline due to low birth-rates and migration to Western countries. Karachi has both public and private educational institutions.  Additionally, Karachi's city-planning authority for undeveloped land, the Karachi Development Authority, is under control of the government, while two new city-planning authorities, the Lyari Development Authority and Malir Development Authority were revived by the Pakistan Peoples Party government in 2011 – allegedly to patronize their electoral allies and voting banks. District Sr.No Tehsil Sr.No ADMN. The city forms the centre of an economic corridor stretching from Karachi to nearby Hyderabad, and Thatta. Karachi is also served by its own archdiocese, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Karachi . Cinepax Cinema,  While generally considered to be one of Karachi's most conservative communities, Pashtuns in Karachi generally vote for the secular Awami National Party rather than religious parties. The city's highest monthly rainfall, 19 in (480 mm), occurred in July 1967. Recommend 0. Lahore and Karachi Comparison by area and population Lahore Pakistan: Karachi Pakistan: Population.  In 1725, a band of Balochi settlers from Makran and Kalat had settled in the hamlet after fleeing droughts and tribal feuds. It’s estimated that almost 2.4 million people live in Orangi Town.  The figure is disputed by all the major political parties in Sindh. Half of these collections are in customs duties and sales on tax imports.  As of 2008[update], the city's gross domestic product (GDP) by purchasing power parity (PPP) was estimated at $78 billion with a projected average growth rate of 5.5 percent.  In mid 2019, Karachi's ranking fell to 71, ranking it safer than regional cities such as Delhi (65th place) and Dhaka (34th place), but was still higher than Mumbai (172nd place) and Lahore (201st place).  The city's highest rainfall in 24 hours occurred on 7 August 1953, when about 278.1 millimetres (10.95 in) of rain lashed the city, resulting in major flooding.  The Metrobus project was inaugurated by then-Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on 25 February 2016. , The 2010s saw another influx of hundreds of thousands of Pashtun refugees fleeing conflict in North-West Pakistan and the 2010 Pakistan floods. The urban area is divided into six District Municipal Corporations: Karachi East, Karachi West, Karachi Central, Karachi South, Malir, Korangi. The city's inhabitants are referred to by the demonymK… Karachi's downtown is centered on I. I. Chundrigar Road. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, urbanization). When it comes to sports Karachi has a distinction, because some sources cite that it was in 1877 at Karachi in (British) India, where the first attempt was made to form a set of rules of badminton and likely place is said to Frere Hall.  The Chaukhandi tombs in Karachi's modern suburbs were built around this time between the 15th and 18th centuries.  69% of Karachi residents rely on private garbage collection services, with only 15% relying on municipal garbage collection services.  According to the 2017 census, Karachi's total population was 16,051,521 and its urban population was 14.9 million. For other uses, see, District Municipal Corporations (2011–present), Planning Commission, The Second Five Year Plan: 1960–65, Karachi: Govt. , Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture is one of the prime examples of Architectural conservation and restoration where an entire Nusserwanjee building from Kharadar area of Karachi has been relocated to Clifton for adaptive reuse in an art school.  Given the strategic value of the city, the British developed the Karachi Cantonment as a military garrison in the New Town to aid the British war effort in the First Anglo-Afghan War. This has led to the formation of one of the world’s largest slum, Orangi Town. National Bank of Pakistan Sports Complex is First-class cricket venue and Multi-purpose sports facility in Karachi, This article is about the city. , Karachi Export Processing Zone, SITE, Korangi, Northern Bypass Industrial Zone, Bin Qasim and North Karachi serve as large industrial estates in Karachi. The National Museum of Pakistan and Mohatta Palace display artwork, while the city also has several private art galleries. The poor live in the central area as well as toward the west near their workplaces. educated population by level of education.  With increased economic opportunities, economic migrants from several ethnicities and religions, including Anglo-British, Parsis, Marathis, and Goan Christians, among others, established themselves in Karachi, with many setting-up businesses in the new commercial district of Saddar.  The winter climate is dry and lasts between December and February. The expansive Karachi region is believed to have been known to the ancient Greeks, and may have been the site of Barbarikon, an ancient seaport which was located at the nearby mouth of the Indus River. Karachi's Mithadar neighbourhood represents the extent of Kolachi prior to British rule. Thus, the climate is similar to a humid tropical climate except for low precipitation and occasional temperatures well over 100 F (38 C) due to dry continental influence. Approximately 2.5% of Karachi's population is Christian. The city has a formal economy estimated to be worth $114 billion as of 2014[update] which is the largest in Pakistan.  Following the independence of Pakistan, the city's population increased dramatically with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslim refugees from India. Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts.  The city is also home to the Pakistan Airforce Museum and Pakistan Maritime Museum are also located in the city. The first Muhajirs of Karachi arrived in 1946 in the aftermath of the Great Calcutta Killings and subsequent 1946 Bihar riots. Louis. , Karachi is home to Pakistan and South Asia's largest shopping mall, Lucky One Mall which hosts more than two hundred stores. , In 2011, an estimated 2.5 million foreign migrants lived in the city, mostly from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka.  Further waves of Parsi immigrants from Persia settled in the city in the late 19th century. Karachi has been the pioneer in cable networking in Pakistan with the most sophisticated of the cable networks of any city of Pakistan, Pakistan's rail network, including the Main Line-1 Railway is being upgraded as part of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor, allowing trains to depart Karachi and travel on Pakistani railways at an average speed of 160 km/h (100 mph) versus the average 60 to 105 km/h (35 to 65 mph) speed currently possible on existing track.  The Sindh Wildlife Conservation Building, located in Saddar, served as a Freemasonic Lodge until it was taken over by the government. Karachi has proliferated in the last few decades, and the metropolitan area has more than 23 million people, with a population density of over 24,000 people per square kilometer, or 63,000 per square mile.  Karachi's population grew by 59.8% since the 1998 census to 14.9 million, while Lahore city grew 75.3% – though Karachi's census district had not been altered by the provincial government since 1998, while Lahore's had been expanded by Punjab's government, leading to some of Karachi's growth to have occurred outside the city's census boundaries. Several of Karachi's schools, such as St Patrick's High School, St Joseph's Convent School and St Paul's English High School, are operated by Christian churches, and among Pakistan's most prestigious schools.  As a result of continued migration, over 96.5% of the city currently is estimated to be Muslim..  The Old Town was a largely unplanned neighbourhood which housed most of the city's indigenous residents, and had no access to sewerage systems, electricity, and water. The LDA and MDA were also revived by the Pakistan Peoples Party government at the time, allegedly to patronize their electoral allies and voting banks.  Residents of individual streets bear the cost of sewerage pipes, and provide volunteer labour to lay the pipe. Within the city of Karachi are two small ranges: the Khasa Hills and Mulri Hills, which lie in the northwest and act as a barrier between North Nazimabad and Orangi.  The Global FDI Intelligence Report 2017/2018 published by Financial Times ranks Karachi amongst the top 10 Asia pacific cities of the future for FDI strategy. Each DMC are also maintains its own municipal record archive, and devises its own local budget. At the end of the 19th century, Karachi had an estimated population of 105,000. Violence originated in the city's university campuses, and spread into the city.  By this point Karachi had become widely known for its high rates of violent crime, usually in relation to criminal activity, gang-warfare, sectarian violence, and extrajudicial killings. , In 1799 or 1800, the founder of the Talpur dynasty, Mir Fateh Ali Khan, allowed the East India Company under Nathan Crow to establish a trading post in Karachi. Notable example of contemporary architecture include the Pakistan State Oil Headquarters building. km of land area) in Pakistan was 275.29 as of 2018. The city has facilities for field hockey (the Hockey Club of Pakistan, UBL Hockey Ground), boxing (KPT Sports Complex), squash (Jahangir Khan Squash Complex), and polo.  Rapid economic growth following independence attracted further migrants from throughout Pakistan and South Asia.  He was allowed to build a house for himself in Karachi at that time, but by 1802 was ordered to leave the city. The city has become a software outsourcing hub for Pakistan. Karachi has the largest number of Urdu speakers in Pakistan.  The city is the terminus for the Main Line-1 Railway which connects Karachi to Peshawar.  Since Pakistan's independence, Karachi has been the centre of the nation's economy, and remain's Pakistan's largest urban economy despite the economic stagnation caused by sociopolitical unrest during the late 1980s and 1990s.  Approximately 25% of Pakistan's national revenue is generated in Karachi. The Pakistan Navy Engineering College (PNEC), operated by the Pakistan Navy, is associated with the National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) in Islamabad. and has seen an expansion of information and communications technology and electronic media. 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