facts about ptolemy xii auletes

Ptolemy XII Auletes. Before she ruled Egypt as a sole monarch she was a co-regent with her father and two brothers. At first, Ptolemy XII was coregent with his sister Cleopatra VI Tryphaina and his wife Cleopatra V Tryphaena, but the former mysteriously disappears from the records in 69 BC. Rome annexed Cyprus in 58 BC, causing Ptolemy of Cyprus to commit suicide. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. Cleopatra was one of several children of a descendant of this first Ptolemy, Ptolemy XII Auletes. The identity of his mother is uncertain. Gabinius defeated the Egyptian frontier forces, marched to Alexandria, and attacked the palace, where the palace guards surrendered without fighting. In April 80 BC, Ptolemy XI Alexander II, the son of Ptolemy X, was installed as her co-regent, promptly murdered her, and was himself killed by an angry Alexandrian mob. Important Facts. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. He died about -51 in 51 BCE, Egypt. Later she married the Roman Mark Antony. In 116 BC Ptolemy IX's father, Ptolemy VIII, died and he became co-regent with his mother, Cleopatra III. Ptolemy XII Auletes (117 BC-51 BC) was the Ptolemaic King of Egypt from 80 to 58 BC (succeeding Ptolemy XI and preceding Cleopatra VI and Berenice IV) and from 55 to 51 BC (succeeding Cleopatra VI and Berenice and preceding Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra).. Shortly after his accession, Ptolemy married Cleopatra Tryphaena. At the start of this war, Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to the island of Kos along with her treasure in order to protect them. 2004. sfnp error: no target: CITEREFSchiff2011 (, harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFLefkowtiz1997 (, "Pharaonic temples in Upper Egypt from the Ptolemaic and Roman periods - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Eusebius: Chronicle p. 167, accessed online", Strabo, Geography, Book XVII, pp. Ptolemy XII finally recovered his throne by paying Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt in 55 BC. In that year, Ptolemy XII served as the Priest of Alexander and Ptolemaic kings (an office which Ptolemy IX otherwise held himself throughout his reign) and had a festival established in his honour in Cyrene. [45], At the moment of Ptolemy XII's restoration, Roman creditors demanded the repayment of their loans, but the Alexandrian treasury could not repay the king's debt. There's a lot of information on the Macedonian queen that we aren't aware of, where the facts will surprise yet educate readers. Nevertheless, upon entering the palace, Ptolemy had Berenic… [43] The exact date of Ptolemy XII's restoration is unknown; the earliest possible date of restoration was 4 January 55 BC and the latest possible date was 24 June the same year. This title was probably meant to reinforce Ptolemy XII's claim to the throne in the face of claims that his parentage meant that he was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX and therefore not entitled to rule. [7][20][21], On his arrival in Alexandria, in April 80 BC, Ptolemy XII was proclaimed king. After him are Alfonso XII of Spain, Vasili IV of Russia, Bashar al-Assad, Haakon VII of Norway, Amenhotep I, and Andrei Gromyko. Among politicians, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks 916 out of 15,710. [56][57][58][59][60][61][62] The identity of the mother of the last three of Ptolemy's children, in birth order Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, and Ptolemy XIV, is also uncertain. In 107 BC she forced him to flee Alexandria for Cyprus and replaced him as co-regent with his younger brother Ptolemy X Alexander. 84: Ptolemy XII Auletes is engaged to a daughter of Mithridates. At some point during this period, probably in 81 or 80 BC, they were engaged to two of Mithridates' daughters, Mithridatis and Nyssa. [44] On 31 May 52 BC his daughter Cleopatra VII was named as his coregent. The Roman historian Cassius Dio wrote that a group of one hundred men were sent as envoys from Egypt to make their case to the Romans against Ptolemy XII's restoration. In light of this crisis, however, Ptolemy XII began to expend significant resources on bribing Roman politicians to support his interests. [14][18] Ironically, their father had reclaimed the Egyptian throne around the same time. [55] Cleopatra V disappears from court records a few months after the birth of Ptolemy's second known child,[56] and probably hers, Cleopatra VII in 69 BC. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. Ptolemy XI was succeeded by a son of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, nicknamed Auletes, the flute-player. [46][47] Ptolemy also permitted a debasing of the coinage as an attempt to repay the loans. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. [26] This proposal failed in the face of opposition from Quintus Lutatius Catulus and Cicero. Cleopatra is, undeniably, one of the most controversial yet powerful Egyptian monarchs of the ancient era. They were captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus probably in 88 BC, around the time Ptolemy IX returned to the Egyptian throne. 2nd/1st Century Bc King Of Ptolemaic Egypt, Page views of Ptolemy XII Auletes by language, Among people deceased in 51 BC, Ptolemy XII Auletes ranks. Encyclopedia of … [38][34] During this time, Roman creditors realized that they would not get the return on their loans to the king without his restoration. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ptolemy XII Auletes has received more than 535,095 page views. She was born in 70 or 69 BCE in the house of Ptolemy XII (Auletes), a descendant of Ptolemy I Soter, who was one of Alexander The Great’s generals and the founder of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt. Children:-Alexander Helios, Caesarion, Cleopatra Selene, Ptolemy Philadelphus. Αὐλητής; translit. Later during her reign she also ruled with her brothers, and through tradition she had to marry her brother Ptolemy XIV. [41], In 55 BC, Ptolemy paid Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt and so recovered his throne. Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl´əmē ôlē´tēz), d. 51 BC, king of ancient Egypt (80–58 BC, 55–51 BC), of the Macedonian dynasty, illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX.He is also called Ptolemy Neos Dionysus. Cleopatra II died in 115 BC and shortly afterwards Cleopatra III forced Ptolemy IX to divorce his sister-wife Cleopatra IV, who was sent off to marry the Seleucid king Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. She was murdered by his rival in 114 BC. After him are Posidonius and Julia Minor. Ptolemy reigned during the Hellenistic period. 45–47, accessed online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemy_XII_Auletes&oldid=1000662519, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Pages with login required references or sources, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ptolemy Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos, Queen of Egypt (June 58 BC – early 55 BC), Queen of Cyprus in 48 BC, claimed queenship of Egypt from late 48 BC until expelled by, Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (51 – 47 BC), Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (47 – 44 BC), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 03:12. But he may instead be the son of Ptolemy IX by Cleopatra IV. "Cleopatra VII was born to Ptolemy XII Auletes (80–57 BCE, ruled 55–51 BCE) and Cleopatra, both parents being Macedonian Greeks." Her two older sisters were Berenice IV and Cleopatra VI who may have died early in life. With Roman backing, Auletes was able to regain the throne and have his daughter Berenice executed. Egypt came under increasing Roman pressure nevertheless. However, Rome did not wish to invade Egypt to restore the king, since the Sibylline books stated that if an Egyptian king asked for help and Rome proceeded with military intervention, great dangers and difficulties would occur. His favorite daughter, Cleopatra VII succeeded him on the throne. At the same time, Ptolemy IX Soter replaces Ptolemy X Alexander, who is killed soon after. Ptolemy XII Auletes King of Egypt King of Egypt was born about -117 in Abt,British Columbia,Canada, son of Ptolemy IX Soter II Lathyros King of Egypt King of Egypt and Harem girl of Egypt., they gave birth to 1 child. Ptolemy XII was recalled from Pontus and proclaimed king of Egypt, while his brother, also named Ptolemy, became king of Cyprus. [14], When Ptolemy X had died in 88 BC, his will had left Egypt to Rome in the event that he had no surviving heirs. But he may instead be the son of Ptolemy IX by Cleopatra IV. Ptolemeusz (z greki koine Πτολεμαῖος; translit: Ptolemaîos) (egip.Ptwlmis) Auletes (gr. Cleopatra was born in 70 or 69 BC and was the oldest daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII (Auletes) of Egypt. [34], The bribery policy had been unpopular in Egypt for a long time, both because of its obsequiousness and because of the heavy tax burden that it entailed, but the annexation of Cyprus demonstrated its failure and enraged the people of Alexandria. Enormous sum, equivalent to the Ptolemy dynasty was founded in Egypt one! Finally, facts about ptolemy xii auletes succeeded Ptolemy XII died sometime before 22 March 51 BC Ptolemy. V Tryphaena who was with certainty the mother of his eldest known child, ruled! To Octavian 's forces, Antony committed suicide, by invading Judaea her two older sisters were IV! 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