Molasses is a thick syrup that people use as a sweetener. Livest. In this case, the molasses/milk system does not perform adequately. Res. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 72. J. Sci., 17 (1): 83-92, Sharma, V. V. ; Paliwal, P. C., 1973. Molasses neuro-toxicity and higher volatile fatty acids in sheep. 6. Proximate chemical analysis of final cane molasses and effect of feeding 30% molasses on intestinal sucrase and maltase activities in the rat. Sci., 20 (1-2): 113-117, Rana, V. K. ; Lengar, P. N., 1982. Molasses blocks as supplementary feed for growing rabbits. Caution must be taken when the spring rains begin because if the molasses is diluted it will rapidly ferment into alcohol and may fatally poison the cattle (Pérez, 1995). Not only is molasses difficult to handle and to mix with other ingredients, but it may cause diarrhoea and can be detrimental to performance, including feed conversion ratio, energy digestibility and N retention (Le Dividich et al., 1974). No toxicity is observed up to 3% urea in the fresh molasses (Preston, 1986), but 8-10% results in a decrease in feed intake. Molasses provides readily fermentescible energy that promotes lactic acid bacteria development, subsequently reduces pH and improves silage quality. Some physiological aspects affecting the diarrhea of chickens fed molasses. Sci., 24: 71-77, Mee, J. M. L. ; Brooks, C. C. ; Stanley, R. W., 1979. Chemical Composition of Molasses. Res. In this rudimentary process, pan (uncrystallized) sugar is produced and the by-product molasses is called ". Indian J. Anim. J., 26 (2): 695-712, FAO, 2011. Sugarcane molasses has both nutrients and compounds, which are potential inhibitors of microbial cells. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Ganado Porcino, 13: 7-15, Figueroa, V. ; Maylin, A. ; Ly, J. ; Perez, A. ; Carrillo, O. ; Bayley, H. S., 1990. This utilization is common for ruminants, but also occurs in pigs and poultry. Effect of processing on the nutritional value of molasses. Alimentacion porcina no-convencional. Urea has to account for 2.5% of the fresh weight of molasses to provide the ratio of fermentable nitrogen to carbohydrates required for the efficient growth of rumen micro-organisms. Molasses usually fed to animals is a liquid viscous product containing 70-75% DM. For instance, an early study in Australia with Friesian and Jersey cows, grazing irrigated and N-fertilized pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha), found that supplementation with molasses/urea raised milk yield by an average of 0.67 kg milk/kg molasses with Friesians, and 0.39 kg milk/kg molasses with Jerseys. Feeding systems for fattening pigs fed molasses B diets and Saccharina feed. The world production of sugarcane and beet molasses was 60 million t in 2007 (FAO statistics do not differentiate between both origins). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. In Cuba, several trials have shown that completely replacing maize with high-test molasses in broiler diets between 18 and 42 days maintained or improved performance (meat yield, organoleptic properties) while increasing cost-effectiveness (Hidalgo et al., 2005; Valdivie et al., 2004). A commercial beef fattening system, developed and used in Cuba since the 1970s, is based on free-choice final molasses mixed with 3% urea, restricted fish meal or another protein source, restricted forage (3% LW) and a free-choice mineral mix of 50% dicalcium phosphate and salt. A synthetic medium with a similar composition to sugarcane molasses. Sci. Cuban J. Agric. Trop. Performance of growing pigs fed freely on rich molasses, B molasses, sugar or maize and torula yeast. However, in tropical regions, liquid supplements formulated with urea can be less expensive and economically advantageous (Kalmbacher et al., 1995). Amino acid and fatty acid composition of cane molasses. In a large feedlot operation, the daily ration/head is calculated as follows: 90 g mineral mix, 250 g fish meal, 6 kg molasses/urea and 10 kg forage. Trop. Comparative nitrogen balance studies with only Uromol and groundnut cake supplemented wheat straw diets in the ruminants. Sci., 24 (2): 480-487, Ly, J., 1989. In: Tables de composition et de valeur nutritive des matières premières destinées aux animaux d'élevage (Eds. Effects of the level of sugarcane molasses on growth and carcass performance of Caribbean growing pigs reared under a ground sugarcane stalks feeding system. Poult. Technol., 3: 15-22, Lebas, F. ; Tinel, B. ; Loupiac, B., 1984. Composition and properties of sugarcane for the production of cane sugar or so-called brown sugar. Depression in the efficiency of metabolic energy utilisation for net energy has been observed. Proc. Sugarcane Bagasse: Bagasse is the fibrous residue from the sugar cane after extracting cane juice.Sugarcane bagasse can be very well utilized for production of organic fertilizer. Les aliments du bétail sous les tropiques. A. ; Igwebuike, J. U. ; Ngoshe, A. The amount used in dry feeds is usually small, lower than 15% DM and usually in the 2-5% range (Blair, 2007; Fuller, 2004). Anim. Sci., 34 (1): 133-140, Rostagno, H. S. ; Teixeira, A. ; Donzele, J. L. ; Gomes, P. C. ; De Oliveira, R. F. M. ; Lopes, D. C. ; Ferreira, A. J. P. ; Toledo Barreto, S. L., 2005. Sugarcane molasses is a rich source of minerals. Very high inclusion rates, between 40 and 60%, may depress performance (Rahim et al., 1999) or cause diarrhoea in broilers (Savon et al., 1983). Effect of cane molasses and glutamate fermentation and liquor as feed ingredient and feed efficiency of growing fattening pigs. A dark brown syrupy liquid with earthly caramel-like, non-pungent smell. J. Agric. To prevent urea toxicity, the equivalent crude protein from non-protein nitrogen in a molasses-based feed should not exceed 15% of total crude protein, unless it is a formula that limits intake (Pate et al., 1989). Potassium excess due to molasses can result in nephritis and diarrhoea (Leclerc, 2003). Carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium contents are 64, 6, 0.3, 0.33, and 5.5 (wt.%), respectively. Higher amounts of molasses (above 20%) in the diet can be detrimental to animal response, particularly in the lactating dairy cow. Syrupy byproduct of sugar manufacture, obtained from the … Rabbit Res., 15 (B): 1053-1057, Bedingar, T. ; Degefa, G., 1990. Fatty acid composition of cane molasses and yeasts. Trop. Prod., 5 (2): 117-124, Sansoucy, R., 1991. Dairy Sci., 72 (9): 2331-2338, Morales, J. L. ; Sanchez, A. I. ; Gonzalez, C. Z., 2000. The calcium content is quite high (about 0.9% DM) due to the addition of calcium hydroxide during processing. A daily intake of 2.5 mg of supplemental Se from sodium selenite or selenite yeast sources would be needed for cattle consuming sugarcane molasses (Arthington, 2008). Bioagro, 15 (1): 23-30, OECD, 2011. A number of trials have shown that molasses-based liquid supplements containing urea tend to be inferior to supplements providing natural protein. Nutrition and feeding of organic pigs. Informe interno: Instituto de Investigaciones porcinas pp. Rumen parakeratosis may also occur in animals fed high levels of molasses (Pate, 1983). If used as a carrier for higher concentrations of urea, the bitterness of the urea serves as an auto-regulator causing the cattle to consume about 1 kg/d (Pérez, 1995). Sci., 73: 853-860, Kik, M. C., 1960. Pregnant sows tolerated up to 40% molasses with no adverse effect on litter performance (Garg et al., 1983). Adding urea to molasses is a common method to improve its nitrogen status (Preston, 1986). Crumbs containing a lower proportion of molasses (10-15%) are well accepted by rabbits but drying is also required (Finzi et al., 1996; Linga et al., 2000). Functionality of raw materials and feed composition. Sugarcane molasses has both nutrients and compounds, which are potential inhibitors of microbial cells. J. Anim. Advances In Equine Nutrition II, 1998 - 2000, Kentucky Equine research, Castro, M. ; Diaz, J. ; Lezcano, P. ; Elias, A.;Iglesias, M., 1990. Sci., 14 (5): 646-650, Chopping, G. D. ; Deans, H. D. ; Sibbick, R. ; Thurbon, P. N. ; Stokoe, J., 1976. The molasses/urea mixture, which represents about 70% of the total diet DM, contains 91% final molasses and 6.5% water. Differences in chemical composition and digestibility of beet and cane molasses. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Relations between components. B. ; Brown, W. F. ; Martin, F. G. ; Bates, D. B., 2001. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Makkar. From a nutritional point of view, it is primarily a source of energy, due to its high sugar content (60-70% DM). Cuban J. Agric. Bangladesh J. Anim. Cane molasses is also high in sodium, potassium and magnesium, and contains significant quantities of copper, zinc, iron and manganese. J. Anim. Anim. The expressible juice from sugar cane is the precursor of blackstrap or final molasses. Table 2. Anim. Inclusion of large amounts of molasses is not always negative: in a study with crossbred steers fed cottonseed meal and hay, including up to 30% molasses (diet DM; 2.8 kg/d DM of molasses) resulted in an increased rate of growth (850 g/d vs. 540 g/d). Meat yield of broilers in the system high-test molasses-soybean. Cabi Series, CABI, Wallingford, UK, Blair, R., 2011. Cub. When fed alone to cattle or mixed with only 3% urea, the palatability of molasses was not affected and therefore it should be restricted to 2-3 kg/d. Final and high-test molasses for broilers. Research Article Development of Sugar Cane Molasses in Formulations of Madeleines, Mini Croissants, and Buns Incorporated with Interesterified Oil AnisChikhoune, 1,2 FatihaBedjou, 3 SabrinaOubouzid, 2 RosaBoukefoussa, 2 BilalBechri, 2 HouriaTarmoul, 2 ToufikAbdeladim, 4 AbderrahmaneTounsi, 4 MouradHamitri, 4 SaidChikh, 4 andLouizaKouadri 4 Organic Materials … In: NRC, 1973. Molasses allows the feed granules to stick together during the pelleting process, which produces pellets that are less likely to break down during transportation and passage through feeding equipment. Livest. CAB Books, CABI, Bredon, R. M., 1957. Milk production from irrigated nitrogen fertilized pangola grass. Silage harvesting, storing, and feeding. Vét., 10 (2-3): 462-464, El-Sagheer, M., 2006. Cuban J. Agric. Molasses is a valuable additive for silage making when ensiling conditions are difficult, or when the forage is a poor quality grass (warm-season grass) or a legume. Nitrogen supplementation is not always required. Sci., 25 (1-2): 151-161, Figueroa, V. ; Ly, J., 1990. Dairy Sci., 43 (2): 220-230, Lofgreen, G. P., 1965. The quality of both sugarcane juice and molasses is affected by the nutrients and topology of the soil, variety of sugarcane, climate and harvesting. It is a byproduct of the sugar-making process, and it comes from crushed sugar cane or … Feed Sci. Approximately 60 countries produce sucrose from sugarcane (Pérez, 1995). Molasses can be produced from citrus, wood sugar, sugar beet and sugarcane. Molasses included at 39 and 42% in the starter and finishing rations significantly decreased feed intake, increased live weight gain, feed efficiency and the dressed carcass percentage (Rahim et al., 1999). Molasses seems to cause brain damage when fed at high levels and with low roughage inclusion. For molasses with a high ash content (14% DM), the main limitation is the risk of diarrhoea, which may occur when molasses exceeds 10, 20 and 30% of the diet (as fed basis) for post-weaning, growing and finishing pigs, respectively. The symptoms of molasses toxicity are reduced body temperatures, weakness (animals have difficulty standing up), rapid breathing and even blindness (Pérez, 1995; Preston, 1986). Since it is different in composition from beet molasses, it this work the chemical composition, physical and fermentative properties of "Blackstrap" molasses were investigated. These damages might be due to a lack of thiamine, protein and energy available at the brain level (Preston, 1986; Rowe et al., 1977). 6th World Rabbit Congress, Toulouse, France, 3: 341-345, Forsberg, N. E. ; Al-Maqbaly, R. ; Al-Halhali, A. ; Ritchie, A. ; Srikandakumar, A., 2002. Metabolizable energy in final molasses diets for broilers. The first spin produces light molasses, while later spins produce darker molasses. Sci., 19: 392, Lofgreen, G. P. ; Otagaki, K. K., 1960. Sugar technology. Initial studies on the production and use of molasses blocks in the feeding of forage fed rabbits. Magnesium, and contains significant quantities of copper, zinc, iron and manganese the rat,,... Conditions the gains are between 0.7 and 0.8 kg/d ): 13-20, Yany, Y. K. ;,... Yany, Y. K. ; Pathak, N. N., 1982 is free of and... Ngoshe, a trials have shown that molasses-based liquid supplements containing urea tend to be molasses. The chemical composition and properties of sugarcane (, Pate, F. G. ;,... Animaux d'élevage ( Eds with deoiled rice bran and molasses on the energy and nitrogen balance with! Rabbits if they are not too hard Martin, F. G. ; Bates, D., 2000 to! Juice from sugar cane molasses is a thick, syrupy derivative of the juice constitute the major of! 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