Shemini Atzeret (שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת —"Eighth [day of] Assembly"; Sephardic and Israeli pronounced shemini atzèret; Ashkenazic pronounced shmini-atsères) is a Jewish holiday.It is celebrated on the 22nd day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei in the Land of Israel, and on the 22nd and 23rd outside the Land, usually coinciding with late September or early October. The prayer for rain, however, is very important in Israel, where winter rain nourishes the crops for the upcoming year. Hence, seeing someone eating in a sukkah does not per se lead one to assume it is still ḥol hamoed. On the Gregorian calendar, Shemini Atzeret comes in late September or early or middle October.  The rainy season starts just after the fall Jewish holidays. Shemini Atzeret is a Jewish holiday; This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Shemini. Shortly after midnight, prayers are made in the synagogue for more than ten hours. Like most Jewish holidays of Biblical origin, Shemini Atzeret is observed for one day within the Land of Israel, and traditionally for two days outside Israel. Shemini Atzeret (שמיני עצרת - "the Eighth [day] of Assembly") is a Jewish holiday. The Talmud describes Shemini Atzeret with the words "a holiday in its own right" (regel bifnei atzmo). It is celebrated on the 22nd day of the Hebrew month of … In Israel, many communities conduct Hakafot shniyot, or "Second hakafot", on the day after Shemini Atzeret. It is celebrated on the 22nd day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei (first month of calendar). , These religious celebrations conclude the process that had begun on the days of Rosh Hashanah (the Jewish new year) and Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, observed ten days after the start of Rosh Hashanah. Shemini Atzeret literally means "the assembly of the eighth" day in Hebrew. Toutes les dates des fêtes juives en 2021, 2022 et 2023 et plusieurs calendriers à télécharger ou imprimer au format PDF et Excel.  Only two observances are specified for Shemini Atzeret. On the Gregorian calendar, Shemini Atzeret comes in late September or early or middle October. , A different, but related, interpretation is offered by Yaakov Zevi Mecklenburg, who translates atzeret as "retain": "During the holiday season, we have experienced a heightened religious fervor and a most devout spirit. Shemini Atzeret (– "Eighth Assembly"; Sefardic/Israeli pron. How to Vote Before Shemini Atzeret All , Advocacy , Community / By Admin October 4, 2019 B’nai Brith Canada OTTAWA – B’nai Brith is reminding the Jewish community of its opportunities to vote ahead of Election Day, which falls on the holiday of Shemini Atzeret this year. However, unlike Passover and Shavuot, the full length of the Torah reading is included on Shemini Atzeret even when the day does not fall on the Shabbat because the reading refers to separation of agricultural gifts (like tithes and terumah), which are due at this time of the year. It falls on the eighth day, immediately after Succot. Shemini Atzeret, which begins at sundown October 9 and ends at sundown October 10 this year, is the postscript to the seven days of Sukkot. Our Sages have taught us that the 70 special bull sacrifices brought on Sukkot were for the benefit of the 70 nations of the world. It is a separate—yet connected—holy day devoted to the spiritual aspects of the festival of Sukkot. Tou Bichvat dans les sources juives Dans la Bible hébraïque. Its role is as an extra day of spiritual celebration of the protective relationship between God and his chosen people, the Jews, which was demonstrated during their 40 years of exile after Moses received the 10 Commandments on Sinai on their behalf. The reading of the first section of Genesis immediately upon the conclusion of the last section of Deuteronomy—as well as the name "Simchat Torah"—can be found in the 14th century halachic work Arba'ah Turim. , There are, however, those who have different minhagim (customs). In 2016, Shemini Atzeret fell on the same day according to both calendars.. This refers to the date of Shemini Atzeret relative to Sukkot; it falls on the eighth day. The Simchat Torah celebration of today is of later rabbinic and customary origin. shmini-atsères) is a Jewish holiday. Reform and Reconstructionist communities generally celebrate this and most Biblical holidays for one day, even outside Israel. Samaritans, followers of an Abrahamic religion closely related to Judaism that recognizes only the first five (or six) books of the Bible as canonical, celebrate only one day of Shemini Atzeret. This is representative of all Jewish High Festivals and an evening and morning festive meal. , Connections to the prior Jewish holy days, Carryover of Sukkot observances outside the Land of Israel, Observance in non-rabbinical Jewish traditions. Shemini Atzeret will occur on the following days of the secular calendar: Jewish Year 5781: sunset October 9, 2020 - nightfall October 10, 2020; SBL Hebrew Font In the Land of Israel, the celebrations of Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are combined on a single day, and the names are used interchangeably. The celebration of Simchat Torah is the most distinctive feature of the holiday, but it is a later rabbinical innovation.  Second, the holiday is referred to distinctively as "Shemini Atzeret" and not as "Sukkot" in the prayer service. First, the blessing known as Shehecheyanu is recited on the night of Shemini Atzeret, just as it is on the first night of all other major Jewish holidays. is copyrighted by Society of Biblical Literature and Tiro Typeworks. Shemini Atzeret (On Shemini Atzeret the world is judged for water, or rainfall, in the upcoming year) Simchat Torah (The celebratory Jewish holiday that marks the completion of the annual Torah reading cycle) ... 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I) Deuteronomy 14:22-16:17; Numbers 29:35-30:1. On October 14, 1973, more than 100,000 Jews took part in a post-Simchat Torah rally in New York city on behalf of refuseniks and Soviet Jewry. And it is as if we are reading these sacred words for the very first time. , Immediately below that discussion, however, the Talmud describes Shemini Atzeret as the "end holiday of the festival [of Sukkot]". Jewish holidays — "Work" on Sabbath and biblical holidays, Christian observances of Jewish holidays (Shemini Atzeret), "Jewish Holidays – Hebcal Jewish Calendar", "Why did Shemini Atzeret become Simchat Torah? In most Ashkenazi synagogues, the cantor is clad in a white kittel, a symbol of piety, owing to the vitality of a positive judgment for rain. The two days of Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are very precious. However, the only allusion to Shemini Atzeret in that narrative is that the Hanukkah celebration was fixed for eight days—in remembrance of both the seven days of Sukkot and the additional day of Shemini Atzeret.. 10, § 6) and in the Talmud's tractate Pesahim (42b, 68b), signifying "the closing feast" of Passover. Additionally, most people would prefer to sleep indoors at this point in the year due to the weather, so sleeping in the sukkah may impinge on one's own joy during the festival. This is why the rabbis ruled that one does not sleep in the sukkah on Shemini Atzeret, even outside the Land of Israel. Some people do not eat in the Sukkah either, though many do. The Jewish Encyclopedia states that during the time of the Second Temple, the festival of Shavuot received the specific name of "'Atzarta" as cited by Josephus in Antiquities of the Jews (iii. One relates to the Temple service, and is not relevant to modern observance. S/he might then violate prohibitions of the yom tov of the eighth day. Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are holidays on which work is not permitted. Shmini Atzeret (Eighth Day of Assembly) At the end of the holiday, the succahs are dismantled. It’s true that my girls don’t have school, but I’d already planned to take them to visit their great-grandmothers in New York. Every moment is an opportunity to draw bucket- and barrelfuls of material and spiritual treasures. Shemini Atzeret is a holiday in its own right, without sukkah, lulav and etrog.  The Jews of the Soviet Union, in particular, would celebrate the festival en masse in the streets of Moscow. In the diaspora, a second day is added to all Jewish holidays except Yom Kippur, so Shemini Atzeret coincides with the eighth day of Sukkot everywhere except Israel. Therefore, the prevalent practice is to eat in the sukkah on Shemini Azeret outside the Land of Israel, but not to recite the berakhah for sitting in a sukkah, as reciting it would "impinge" on the unique status of Shemini Atzeret. In Israel, this is a one-day holiday; in the Diaspora it is a two-day holiday, and the second day is known as Simchat Torah. This is representative of all Jewish High Festivals and an evening and morning festive meal. They believe that it helps them to prepare for the coming year. This last day is devoted to a recapitulation of the message of these days, with the hope that it will be retained the rest of the year". The seven days of Sukkot that end with Hoshana Rabba are immediately followed by another holiday called Shemini Atzeret, referred to in the Torah (Numbers 29:35) simply as "the eighth day of assembly. I’m not sure how, or even if, we’ll honor Shemini Atzeret this year in my house. It directly follows the Jewish festival of Sukkot which is celebrated for seven days, and thus Shemini Atzeret is literally the eighth day.  The second came at the time of the Jews' return from the Babylonian exile. According to the Apocryphal Second Book of Maccabees, the first celebration of Hanukkah mimicked that of Sukkot, which the Maccabees and their followers had been unable to celebrate earlier that year. What: The holiday of Sukkot is followed by an independent holiday called Shemini Atzeret. Shemini Atzeret (שְׁמִינִי עֲצֶרֶת – "the Eighth [day] of Assembly") is a Jewish holiday of the (Northern Hemisphere) autumn.In Israel, the date of the holiday is 22 Tishrei on the Hebrew calendar. , In the 20th century, Simchat Torah came to symbolize the public assertion of Jewish identity.  and commenting on this fact, the Rabbis in tractate Pesahim say that: The closing feast of Sukkot (i.e., Shemini Atzeret) ought rightly to have been, like that of Passover (i.e., Shavuot) on the fiftieth day; but, in order not to force the people to make another journey to Jerusalem in the rainy season, God fixed it as early as the eighth day. [note 3].  When Shemini Atzeret falls on the Shabbat, the Scroll of Ecclesiastes, or Kohelet (קהלת, otherwise read in Ashkenazi synagogues on the Shabbat of Sukkot), is read on that day outside the Land of Israel. Because of that, the 22nd day of the 7th month does not necessarily fall on the same date as 22 Tishrei in the (conventional, Rabbinic) Jewish calendar. The Shemini Atzeret Sabbath, the day after the end of Sukk'ot, is known as "The Last Great Day" because it is the final annual Holy Day that was God-established.The next Holy Day on God's calendar is the next Passover, in the following Spring.. Shemini Atzeret. Ten Minutes of Torah: Sh'mini Atzeret - Simchat Torah Commentary. The celebration of Sukkot is characterized by the use of the sukkah (booth or tabernacle) and the Four Species (tree branches and fruit used in the celebration). Two Challah breads are used to commemorate the Sabbath in the wilderness. Likewise, eating in the sukkah does not per se impinge on one's own celebration of Shemini Atzeret. That characterization, however, is only partly accurate. The first occurred at the time of the dedication of the First Temple by Solomon.  Dancing in the street with the Torah has become part of the holiday's ritual in various Jewish congregations in the United States as well. The Torah explicitly mentions Shemini Atzeret three times, all in the context of Sukkot. , Eating in the sukkah does not cause a parallel problem because many people simply enjoy eating outdoors in the shade of a sukkah. The other is the avoidance of "servile labor" (melechet avodah), as on other major Jewish holidays. Because of that, and because the sukkah (and, by extension, pleasant weather) is no longer required on Shemini Atzeret, Jews begin to ask for rain starting with the Musaf amidah prayer of Shemini Atzeret. Shemini Atzeret — A Day of Transition. Thus, Shemini Atzeret is a full festival day (as though it were day seven yet entirely seperate), accompanied by meal, the kiddush, she-he-cheyanu, etc. As a biblically-mentioned holiday, Shemini Atzeret is also observed by Karaites and Samaritans: For Karaites, followers of a branch of Judaism that accepts the Written Law, but not the Oral Law, Shemini Atzeret is observed as a single day of rest, not associated with the practices of Simchat Torah, which are a rabbinic innovation. List of Dates. Karaite Jews and Samaritans also observe Shemini Atzeret, as they do all Biblical holidays. In part, this shows solidarity with Jewish communities outside Israel, which are still celebrating Simchat Torah (on the second day of the festival). This is also why one of Sukkot's liturgical aliases, "Time of Our Happiness" (zman simḥatenu), continues to be used to describe Shemini Atzeret (and by extension Simchat Torah) in prayers.  In 2015, Shemini Atzeret fell on October 7 for Karaites, two days later than in the conventional Jewish calendar. If someone sees a neighbor on the street with a lulav and etrog on the eighth day, the rabbis reason, s/he might mistakenly assume that it is still the seventh day (ḥol hamoed), when the lulav and etrog are still needed. The blessing for the Sukkah is not recited (since it is not Sukkot). Five days after the conclusion of Yom Kippur, Sukkot begins, regarded as the celebration of the anticipated Divine "good judgment" that was hopefully granted on the High Holy Days (Rosh Hashanah + the Ten Days of Repentance + Yom Kippur) and then Hoshana Rabbah + Shemini Atzeret + Simchat Torah culminate the process of open celebration and festivity with joyous prayers, festive meals, and hours of dancing holding the Torah scroll(s) at the center of attention during the hakafot in the synagogue..  That Talmudic source does not refer to the occasion as "Simchat Torah", but simply as [the second day of] Shemini Atzeret. Great happiness continues on Simchat Torah. The Haftarah describes the people's blessing of King Solomon at the end of the dedication of the First Temple. In particular during the morning prayer service of Hoshana Rabbah, there are seven hoshanot with their own seven hakafot, the "seven processions". And we create a new year of studying Torah.  (See also Jewish holidays — "Work" on Sabbath and biblical holidays.) The source for Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah, which fall on the 22nd and 23rd of the Hebrew month of Tishrei, respectively, is Leviticus 23:34. Why I Need the Extra Day: Shemini Atzeret This Year Read community insights, advice and perspectives during this time as we enter in to the 5781/ 2020 Rosh Hashanah New Year.  The second day observed outside Israel is called Simchat Torah (see next section). Even though Shmini Atzeret falls on Saturday, October 10, 2020, it is a working day. also under a cc-by license. , Spiritually, Shemini Atzeret can also be seen to "guard the seven days of Sukkot".  However, one does not take the lulav and etrog (nor does one sleep in the sukkah according to most opinions) on the eighth day. With each passing year, we grow and change, celebrate and mourn. Yet, like Succot, our prayers refer to it as  Shemini Atzeret is mentioned there only in verses 36 and 39. We rejoice in the very existence of the unlikely relationship that holds between our obstinate stiff-necked people and our unfathomable God. , The prevalent practice is that one eats in the sukkah on the eighth day, but without reciting the blessing (berakhah) for sitting in a sukkah. Throughout the year, the Jew lives with Torah. Zenner, Walter P. Persistence and Flexibility: Anthropological Perspectives on the American Jewish Experience. The seven days of Sukkot that end with Hoshana Rabba are immediately followed by another holiday called Shemini Atzeret, referred to in the Torah (Numbers 29:35) simply as "the eighth day of assembly. Additionally, calculation of the Karaite calendar is not based on astronomical calculations, but only on direct observation of the New Moon and the ripening of barley. List of Dates. Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret: A Global Perspective. In Israel and Reform Judaism, the holidays of Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah are combined into a single day and the names are used interchangeably.  This sets the stage, in ritual, mood, tenor and a heightened sense of festivity, for the days that follow it—namely, of Shemini Atzeret, when seven hakafot are again performed. According to The Jewish Encyclopedia, atzeret (or aẓeret) is the name given to this day in four different locations in the Hebrew Bible. shemini atzèret; Ashkenazic pron. 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