elements of state

The starting point of the articles is that “every internationally wrongful act of a State entails the international responsibility of that State” [2] . State is the sovereign political institution of each society. These are: (1) population, (2) territory, (3) government, (4) sovereignty (or independence). SAARC is not a state. According to international law, all states are equal in status and right, no matter how unequal they are in population and area. State has the exclusive title and prerogative to exercise supreme power over all its people and territory. Privacy Policy 8. They enjoy rights and freedom as citizens as well as perform several duties towards the State. It may be pointed out that the power and security of a state are not determined only by the size of its territory. It is claimed that small states are good for efficient administration and inculcating among the people a sense of unity and love for the state. However, it is recognised that the population should be neither too large nor very small. Most of developed states are democracies. Population . It is only a regional association of sovereign states of South Asia. Absolute sovereignty is not feasible. (3) Judiciary—which applies the laws to specific cases and settles the disputes i.e. State power is not restricted to the national level. These definitions draw attention to the fact that the state has four essential elements. Permanent region. Government . It also means the full freedom of the State to participate in the activities of the community of nations. The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population (people); (b) a defined territory; (c) government (political authority); and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states (diplomat recognition or sovereignty). performs the law-application functions; and. The relationship between the Legislature and Executive is defined by law and it corresponds to the adopted form of government. One of the main problems faced by developing countries is over-population. According to Plato, an ideal state should have a population of 5040. A state needs to abide by international laws. We have tiny states like San Marino with an area of less than twenty-five square miles. A State cannot exist in the air or at sea. Recognition. The first two elements constitute the physical or material basis of the state while the last two form its political and spiritual basis. It is the concrete and visible instrument of state power. 2. It denotes the supreme power or the final authority from which there is no appeal. However it keeps on changing after regular intervals. Ability to connect with other countries. Approximately India occupies 2.4% of the global area. It is essentially a territorial State. 1. The State is a form of social organization endowed with sovereignty, which is the supreme power that resides in the citizens. four essential elements. European Union: A supranational organization created in the 1950s to bring the nations of Europe into closer economic and political connection. In ancient times, the King used to perform all functions of the government and all powers of governance stood centralized in his hands. China came under communist rule in 1949. Prohibited Content 3. We want to encourage as broad a group of people as possible to learn what AI is, what can (and can’t) be done with AI, and how to start creating AI methods. The act or omission of a State will qualify as an “internationally wrongful act” if two conditions are met. When man lives in the company of others, he naturally develops social relations with other human beings. Sovereign rulers. It is a human political institution. In modern times states vary greatly from the few thousands of Monaco or of San Marino to the crores of China or of India. 2. Government, 4. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Punjab, Sikkim, in fact all states of the Indian Union have their populations, territories and governments. In this Tutorial, we shall study - The Meaning of State;The Definition of State; &The Elements of State - Population, Territory, Government & Sovereignty. According to Aristotle, “he who by nature and not be mere accident is without a state is either above humanity or below it, he is tribe-less, lawless and heartless one.” Elements of the State . When citizens of another State are living in the territory of the State, they are called aliens. Communist China took its legitimate place in the UN in 1970’s only after the establishment of rapprochement between the US and communist china. It is said in favour of large states that they are strong in defense and because of availability of resources they are economically self-sufficient. Are you sure you want to Yes No. The state works for the elimination of terrorism and violence. But how many people should constitute the […] The state serves this need, by protecting s the society from internal and external dangers. All these institutions always act in accordance with the laws of the State. A state is a polity under a system of governance.Currently, there is no undisputed definition of a state among scientists or researchers. (2) State ensures security against internal disturbances disorders and crimes. These are: (1) population, (2) territory, (3) government, (4) sovereignty (or independence). It can compel obedience of its people to its laws and commands. For this purpose the state maintains police. The people within a state are bound by the laws. TOS 7. M In each society the people need the state because provides currency and coinage for the conduct of economic business and trade relations. 5. India has an area of 32,87,263 sq. 6 Comments 41 Likes Statistics Notes Full Name. An institution can have population, territory and government but not sovereignty. It is directly responsible to the people. With the same vagueness and ambiguity as a man in the street uses it. Territory - includes the land, the rivers, the sea, and the air space which the jurisdiction of the sate extends. Your message goes here Post. It protects the people and tries to ensure conditions for their happiness, prosperity and development. The modern tendency is in favour of large states. It is the characteristic which distinguishes the state from all other associations. It is a human political institution. It has to be within a reasonable limit. State definition, the condition of a person or thing, as with respect to circumstances or attributes: a state of health. Population can be more or less but it has to be there. Population: State is a community of persons. This is a list of elements by atomic number with symbol. All that can be said is that a large population is an advantage from the point of view of military defense. A man without state is either a beast or a God. THE STATE AND ITS ELEMENTS . According to famous jurist, Oppenheim, “A state is and becomes an international person by recognition only and exclusively. Sovereignty belongs to the State; the government only uses it on behalf of the State. Small states are under the influence of one or the other large and powerful state. It satisfies several important needs of society: (1) State provides security against external aggressions and war. The recognition of the sovereign status of a new state by other states is called international recognition. 1. Meaning of The State. How do you distinguish between the idea of the State and conception of the State? By providing security law and order, the state helps the people to carry out their economic relations and activities. In fact, Sovereignty is the basis on which the State regulates all aspects of the life of the people living in its territory. Recognition has also a political dimension. These cannot be forced upon the State. (8) State secures the goals of national interest in international relations. Further, his physical and economic necessities always force him to form economic trade and cultural relations. The creator of the periodic table, Dmitri Mendeleev , in 1869 began collecting and sorting known properties of elements, like … Territory (Physical basis of the State), 3. The State exercises supreme authority over them through its government. Independence of Judiciary is also a settled rule. He always wants to live and remain in the company of fellow human beings. Government is the third essential element of the State. A. Otherwise, they stay in the ground state. The area the state covers is the first element. Communist China was not recognised by the US for cold war. Yet these are not really states. All the persons, citizens as well as aliens, who are living in the territory of the State are duty bound to obey the state laws and policies. 1. A state, to declare itself sovereign, must be internally supreme and free from any external control. Government is the organisation or machinery or agency or magistracy of the State which makes, implements, enforces and adjudicates the laws of the state. Gradually, however, the powers of King got decentralized and these came to be exercised by these three organs of the government: Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. The size of the territory of a State can be big or small; nevertheless it has to be a definite, well-marked portion of territory. Elements : From the above definitions, it is clear that the following are the elements of the state :-Physical bases of the State. 4. Login to see the comments. Image Guidelines 5. Comment goes here. Monitoring Program Strategy. Internally viewed, the state has supreme power over all individuals and associations within its fixed area. In a Parliamentary form of government, like the one which is working in India and Britain, the legislature and executive are closely related and the latter is collectively responsible before the former. Economic state power can be derived from a state's ability to mobilize industrially, or the natural resources that the state has at its disposal. Government - the agency through which the will of … The people living in the State are the citizens of the State. There is no hard and fast rule about population. 12 hours ago Delete Reply Block. Thus there should be a happy balance between the size of the population and material wealth of a state. 966 words short essay on meaning and features of a State. The ancient Greek writers like Plato and Aristotle favoured a small population. It is often, but erroneously, used as a synonym for “nation,” “society,” “government,” etc. (7) State conducts foreign relations, foreign trade and economic relations. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. Three elements are essential to build the state on perfect lines i.e., fellowship, practical organization and justice. It provides financial help to the poor and weaker sections of society. It should be determined on the basis of the size of the territory of the State, the available resources, the standard of living expected and needs of defence, production of goods and supplies. That is why sovereignty is accepted as the exclusive property and hallmark of the State. People. Sovereignty belongs to India. 3. Before independence India was not a state as it was ruled by the British. Otherwise there will be international anarchy causing serious threats to international peace and security. The m… Some other factors in this regard are geographical location, resources and climate. Government - the agency through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and carried out. In actual practice no state is able to exercise unlimited power either over individuals and associations within its territorial domain or in its international relations. Man is a social being. Article 3. Key Terms. No State can really become a State without sovereignty. The word State is often confused with government. Elements of State: A State stands identified with its four absolutely essential elements: 1. TOS The legislature makes laws; the executive enforces laws while the judiciary adjudicates cases or disputes. It is the agent or the working agency of the State. State is needed for getting protection and security against external aggressions, wars and internal disturbances and disorders. Political bases of the State. Further, it must be noted that the territory of the state includes not only the land but also, rivers, lakes, canals inland seas if any, a portion of coastal sea—territorial waters or maritime belt, continental shelf, mountains, hills and all other land features along with the air space above the territory. Government as a whole is the instrument through which the sovereign power of the State gets used. While living in society, man needs protection for his life and property. Without sovereignty no state can exit. This is prevented by the state. State exercises sovereignty over all parts of its territory. This implies that the obligation in question must be binding on the State … Population: The primary requirement for the existence of the State is population. Ships of the State are its floating parts and Aero-planes are its flying parts. Government must be effective; it must possess the capacity to maintain order and enforce obedience. This sometimes creates the impression that there is no difference between the State and Government. These definitions draw attention to the fact that the state has four essential elements. What are the four most essential attributes of a State? Elements of State 1. Without a population there can be no State. Aristotle laid down a general principle that the population of a state should be large enough to make it sufficient and small enough to make good government possible. He inherits several relations and throughout his life remains bound up with these. Definite territory is its essential component. Although he did not specially mention the word element we do it for the sake of clarity of discussion. performs adjudication functions. Elements of a State Water Monitoring and Assessment Program. Social relations continuously need peace, security and order. A widely used definition from the German sociologist Max Weber is that a "state" is a polity that maintains a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence, although other definitions are not uncommon.. A State stands identified with its four absolutely essential elements: State is a community of persons. Many developing countries including India have democratic governments. The Elements of the state Or more important are the population, territory, government and sovereignty. There are States with very small populations like Switzerland, Canada and others, and there are States like China, India and others, with very large populations. People - the population living in a state. Content Guidelines State is a territorial unit. Out of these four elements, Sovereignty stands accepted as the most important and exclusive element of the State. Copyright. Following the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of states which was a treaty signed at Montevideo, Uruguay, on December 26th, 1933. 2. Answer (1 of 6): The state is an abstract institution that only exists if it is acknowledged by those who reside in it. To him, to live in the state and to be a man were indentical. Government consists of three organs, namely, legislature, executive and judiciary. The state is a natural institution. However, a large population can be a liability if the resources of the state are not adequate for its maintenance. (6) State grants citizenship and protects their interests and rights. Now it is one of the 28 states of India. 2. It can be either Parliamentary or Presidential or both. We do not use it. These are integral parts of the Indian State. A state respects and abides by international laws, treaties and the policies of the international organizations like the UN and its agencies. Land, water and air space comprise the territory of a state. Two conclusions flow from the discussion on the meaning and nature of the state: (I) that the State is a human institution the product of man’s gregarious nature and the result of necessities of human life, and (2) population and land are the starting point of any study of man in his organized groups. According to this Convention, The Elements of the State establishment are as follows: People. A people occupying a definite territory cannot form a state unless they are politically organized i.e., unless they possess a government. This is a list of the 118 chemical elements which have been identified as of 2021. Four Elements or Characteristics of the State are as folllows: 1. A definite and more or less permanent territory is also regarded as an essential element of the state. So communist China, though ruling the mainland China, was not allowed to become the member of the UN due to America’s opposition. There is no definite limit for the size of population essential for a State. Each state has the sovereign power to formulate and act on the basis of its independent foreign policy. In modern times, the citizens are bound together by residence on a common territory. Even a States can lease out its territory to another State e.g. (1) Legislature—which formulates the will of State i.e. They lauded Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping’s decision in the late 1970s to introduce capitalist elements into the PRC’s state-controlled economy, which — over time and with assistance from the United States and other advanced industrial nations — spurred rapid modernization and generated double-digit economic growth. As in population, so in territory, no limit can be laid down. Population is essential for the state. On the other hand, there are giant states like the Russian Republic, China, U. S. A., and Australia with millions of square miles. Small states and large ones exist side by side. But there is no agreement an how many countries would have to recognise a new state so that the latter gains statehood in the eyes of international law. The state is the most universal and most powerful of all social institutions. State voluntarily accepts rules of international law. Laski has rightly argued that unlimited sovereignty is a threat to world peace and humanity. Elements go from the ground state to the excited state if some form of energy is supplied. He and his society need security for their life, property and relations. There are different kinds of government in different states such as monarchy, democracy and dictatorship. In modern times relations among nations have grown and many international organisations and institutions have come into being. A PERMANENT POPULATION A state is an organization of human beings living together a… But population must be large enough to make a State and sustain it. Elements of State: Weber in his Economy and Society and also in other works pointed out certain elements of state. The first two elements constitute the physical or material basis of the state while the last two form its political and spiritual basis. However it must be clearly noted that government is just one element of the State. A number of writers who have attacked the concept of absolute sovereignty on theoretical grounds also hold that it is undesirable. Soverignty . It must be remembered that both of them were thinking in terms of small city-states. Sovereignty has two aspects internal and external. Sovereignty 1. km. Government is the political organization of the state. State alone posses sovereignty. India has a very large and fast growing population and there is every need to check population growth. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Therefore some scholars have argued that international recognition be an essential element of state. According to Garner, government is the agency through which “common policies are determined and by which common affairs are regulated.” The state wills and acts through the government. Seeing chemical elements arranged in the modern periodic table is as familiar as seeing a map of the world, but it was not always so obvious. It should be noted, however, that absolute sovereignty is a legal concept. Each society needs the State. These are the four essential elements of a State. State is needed by him for providing security law and order as well as for punishing all criminals and anti-social elements. 3. These are: (1) population, (2) territory, (3) government, (4) sovereignty (or independence). Population: The State can punish them for every violation of any of its laws. The state is a natural institution. India, China, U.S.A., U.K., France, Germany, Japan, Australia, Egypt, South Africa, Brazil, Argentina and others such countries are States because each of these possesses all the four essential elements of state. States like Russia, Canada, U.S.A., India, China, Brazil and some others are large sized states whereas Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldivies, Switzerland, Togo, Brundi and many others are States with small territories. What are the differences between State and Society. It needs to be emphasized that even when communist China was not a member of the UN, it was very much a state. Sikkim was a state before it joined India in 1975. State formulates and implements all financial policies and plans for the benefit of all the citizens. Externally viewed, the state is free from control of any foreign state or alien rule. State: Elements and Necessity of the State! syedmurtaza32. India has given on lease the Teen Bigha corridor to Bangladesh. These are also loosely called states. The whole territory of the state is under the sovereignty or supreme power of the State. performs law-making functions; (2) Executive— enforces and implements the laws i.e. Sovereignty permanently, exclusively and absolutely belongs to the State. H. J. Laski, for example, regards it as incompatible with the interests of humanity and world peace. Further, Government can be of any form—Monarchy or Aristocracy or Dictatorship or Democracy. He is by nature a gregarious animal. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. For example Anadaman & Nicobar and Daman and Diu are parts of India. (3) State legally grants and guarantees the rights of the people. (5) State undertakes steps for the creation of necessary conditions for the socio-economic-politico-cultural development of the people. Sovereignty is the most exclusive element of State. However along-with it some selfishness is also a part of his being. List of elements Atomic Number Name Symbol Group Period Number Block State at. Aristotle said man is a social animal and by nature he is a political being. Each of these three organs of the government carries out its assigned functions. In the same vein, the United Nations (UN) is not a state as it is not sovereign. Some institutions can have the first three elements (Population Territory and Government) but not sovereignty. Disclaimer The term “State,” which is the central subject of Elements of state in political science study, has scientific meaning. STP Occurrence Description 1 Hydrogen H 1 1 s Gas Primordial Non-metal 2 Helium He 18 1 s Gas Primordial Noble gas 3 Lithium Li 1 2 s Solid UNO is not a state and so is the case of the Commonwealth of Nations, because these do not possess sovereignty. The State has a comprehensive monitoring program strategy that serves all water quality management needs and addresses all State water, including all waterbody types (e.g., streams, rivers, lakes, Great Lakes, reservoirs, estuaries, coastal areas, wetlands, and groundwater). Population : It is the people who make the state. It can be Unitary or Federal or of mixture of these two in its organisation and working. Territory is the second essential element of the State. Content Guidelines 2. Population can be more or less but it has to be there. The state is a human institution. The state exercises its sovereign power through its government. At times, selfishness of some persons can cause some difficulties and harms to others. China was already a full-fledged state for many years before the UN was established in 1945. The territory of the state can also include some islands located in the sea. What are the essential elements of a State? Disclaimer 9. For this purpose the state maintains an army. 4. Government is an essential element of State. India became a State in 1947 when it got independence and sovereignty. Territory . Copyright 10. This is provided by the state. As the supreme power of the State, Sovereignty has two dimensions: Internal Sovereignty and External Sovereignty. No state can force it to do so. He forms family and several other groups. The presence of all these four elements alone vests a State with real statehood. THE ELEMENTS OF STATE Prof. Elliott “territorial sovereignty or the Superiority of state overall within its boundaries and complete freedom from external control has been a fundamental principle of the modern state life”. All persons, organisations, associations, institutions and places located within its territory are under the sovereign jurisdiction of the State. Sovereignty: An element of the State Sovereignty is the supreme power by which the State commands and exerts political obedience from its people. End of sovereignty means end of the State. His nature impels him and necessities compel him to live in society and enter into social relations with others. Definitions : The state is the most universal and most powerful of all social institutions. So population is its primary element. 1. 3. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Similarly, the Indian federation consists of many constituent units called ‘states’, but they are really not states in the eyes of international law, as they are not sovereign. It is essential for enhancing the ability of India to register a high level of sustainable development. The next element is the people who live within the state. By far the most important characteristic of the state is its sovereignty. After her independence, India got the power to exercise both internal and external Sovereignty. This includes the land, bodies of water, atmosphere and natural resources. In contemporary times every civilized State has a democratic representative, responsible transparent and accountable government. It means complete independence of the State from external control. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The State, being a human institution, cannot be conceived of without people. (4) The state issues and regulates currency and coinage. Territory - includes the land, the rivers, the sea, and the air space which the jurisdiction of the sate extends. The elements of state power are economic power, military power, geographical power, the power of alliance and internal political power. State maintains defence forces for fighting external wars and meeting aggressions. The elements, in fact, constitute the most important parts of his definition. He gets involved in a system of relations. Content Filtrations 6. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. The society needs the state for security, peace, order stability and protection against external aggressions and wars. Aristotle said man is a social animal and by nature he is a political being. It means the power of the State to order and regulate the activities of all the people, groups and institutions which are at work within its territory. Privacy Policy Without a government there would be lawlessness and anarchy and ultimately the state would be dissolved. 4 elements of state The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population (people); (b) a defined territory; (c) government (political authority); and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states (diplomat recognition or … However, the truth is that a small state is at a disadvantage in its relations with larger ones. Without a population there can be no State. See more. A State comes to be a state only when it has all these elements. Published in: Spiritual. No other organisation or institution can claim sovereignty. In modern times, Rousseau, prompted by considerations of direct democracy, fixed the number at 10,000. Man is a social animal. First, the act or omission must constitute a breach of an international obligation, or, as the articles put it, must be “not in conformity with what is required” by the international obligation [3]. In the Presidential form, as is in operation in the U.S.A., the legislature and executive are two independent and separate organs with stable and fixed tenures, and the executive is not responsible to legislature. Population, 2. The Elements of AI is a series of free online courses created by Reaktor and the University of Helsinki. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. India is free to sign or not to sign any treaty with any other state. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. We can define external sovereignty of the State as its sovereign equality with every other state. Complete information on the meaning and elements of state. New state spaces are evolving at both the local level (global cities) and the international level (the European Union).

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